Marcel Duchamp: Boîte-en-valise

February 10–May 6, 2018 | Gallery 104

 

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Marcel Duchamp (1887–1968) was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player and writer. Between 1910 and 1914, he rapidly mastered, then discarded, the principal pre-war aesthetic movements—from Impressionism and Post-Impressionism to Fauvism, Cubism, and Futurism—and then withdrew from the Paris art world. By World War I Duchamp turned from what he referred to as ͞retinal͟art—art that appealed to the eye. His goal was to ͞put painting once again in the service of the mind,͟ which meant abandoning the traditional tools and techniques of painting and questioning every previous assumption about the boundaries of visual art. From that time forward he deliberately worked in a diversity of media and methods without repeating himself.